Author Archives: Charity Gichobi

Recuperating dynamism in agriculture through adoption of sustainable agricultural technology – Implications for cleaner production

SRI dry nursery, and 8-day old seedling

SRI dry nursery, and 8-day old seedling

Sustainable agricultural technologies are being touted as a requirement for a sustainable world in many parts of the globe. Consequently, they have become a critical issue in the development policy agenda for Sub-Saharan Africa. Despite several studies conducted on the adoption of Sustainable agricultural technologies, they remain poorly understood in Mali. Thus, research that could inform policies capable of simultaneously addressing low agricultural productivity and environmental degradation is obstructed. To begin to fill this research gap, we use cross-sectional data from rice farmers in Mali. Stochastic production frontier is adopted for rice production and technical efficiency analysis in a one-step estimation using maximum likelihood method. The results reveal that adoption of the system of rice intensification, a sustainable agricultural technology, is consonant with cleaner production concept. Particularly, adopters are more technically efficient than non-adopters. The policy implication is that, if all farmers adopted system of rice intensification, their efficiency would increase by 17% while waste in production would reduce to 4.8%. Therefore, this study puts forward

substantial empirical evidence to encourage the adoption of system of rice intensification as it could eventually enhance agricultural sustainability.

Read more : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652619319080.

Complementaries of Technology Adoption and Social Capital Participation: The Case of Systems of Rice Intensification in Ghana

Rice is the second most important staple food in Ghana. The system of rice intensification (SRI) technology has been introduced in farmers’ fields, and its adoption is increasing. Using a bivariate probit model and maximum likelihood estimation methods, the study tests whether or not there is a complementarity relationship between adoption of SRI technology and membership in a cooperative. Results reveal that there is positive relationship between the SRI adoption and social capital participation. The study identified covariates including age, gender and educational level of respondents as influencing both the adoption of SRI technology and participation in a cooperative.

Authors Iddrisu Yahaya, Yacob A. Zereyesus  Tebila Nakelse  Bashiru Haruna

Read more : https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/jid.3420

SRI Presented at the International Rice Congress in Changsha, China

Prof Mati with friends and Kenneth Quinn

Prof Mati with friends and Kenneth Quinn

This week, from June 26 to 29, 2019, international experts have been meeting at the International Rice Development Conference on China-Africa Rice Development, being held in Changsha, China. Held under the auspices of the International Forum on Rice Development (IFRD), the congress aims to boost the development of international rice crop research and

industry revitalization as part of China-Africa cooperation. At the core of the conference is to capture the latest advances in hybrid rice cultivation in the world and its relevance and applicability to Africa. The chairman of this conference is Academician Yuan Longping, the world-renown “Father of Hybrid Rice” and World Food Prize Laureate. The Congress was also addressed by Amb. Kenneth Quinn, President of the World Food Prize Foundation. The theme of this conference is Academic Discussion on Rice and Application of Hybrid Rice Technology in Africa. The Congress is attended by scientists, researchers and other experts on rice drawn from all corners of the world.

Prof. Bancy Mati, was among the keynote speakers who addressed the congress in Plenary on the opening day. Prof. Mati’s presentation was entitled Improving Productivity of Rice under Water Scarcity in Africa: The case for the System of Rice Intensification”. This paper was designed to address the water scarcity challenges that affect africa and the impacts on rice production and productivity. Noting that some 38 countries in Africa grow rice and all of them are net importers of rice, Prof. Mati suggested that there is need to address this disconnect. The paper further highlighted the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a technology for growing rice given water scarcity, which also increases crop productivity. There are over 21 countries in Africa that have adopted SRI and they report improved yields and other benefits. SRI fits well with smallholder rice producers of Africa. However, there is a disconnect in the seed types and varieties used by farmers, most of which are low yielding. If hybrid rice were combined with SRI, higher yields will result as well as multiple benefits of the SRI to farmers. Therefore, herein lies an opportunity for China-Africa collaboration. JKUAT through WARREC already hosts the SRI-Africa knowledge portal for information, research and promotion of SRI. The SRI-Africa offers opportunity for a continental platform to transform rice production through knowledge and action in Africa.

Article by Prof. Bancy Mati, Changsha, China, 28 June 2019